Biathlon competitions have been held at Winter Universiades 14 times, with the first event held in 1983 in Sofia, Bulgaria. The origins of this discipline are much older than military sport: in the early viking age, northern norwegians on skis successfully defended attacks by danish vikings.
Gender-spanning events have been a part of the programme since 2009, when the mixed relay was introduced at the Winter Universiade in Harbin, China. The Olympic Games first included this discipline at the Sotschi games in 2014.
Individual (Men 20 km, Women 15 km)
Sprint (Men 10 km, Women 7.5 km)
Pursuit (Men 12.5 km, Women 10 km)
Mass Start (Men 15 km, Women 12.5 km)
Mixed Relay (2 x 7.5 km + 2 x 6 km)